Introduction

Bangladesh emerged as an independent and sovereign country in 1971 following a nine month war of liberation. It is one of the largest deltas of the world with a total area of 147,570 sq. km. With a unique communal harmony, Bangladesh has a population of about 152.51 million, making it one of the densely populated countries of the world. The majority (over 88%) of the people are Muslim. Over 98% of the people speak in Bangla. English, however, is widely spoken. The country is covered with a network of rivers and canals forming a maze of interconnecting channels. Being an active partner, Bangladesh plays vital role in the international and regional forum, particularly in the UN, Commonwealth and South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC).

General information

Official Name: The People’s Republic of Bangladesh
Political system: Parliamentary democracy
Capital name: Dhaka
Time zone: GMT + 6 hours
Major cities: Dhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshahi, Sylhet, Barisal, Rangpur
Principal rivers: Padma, Meghna, Jamuna, Brahmaputra, Teesta, Surma and Karnaphuli.(total 310 rivers including tributaries).
Principal industries: Ready made garments, pharmaceuticals, cements, garment accessories, chemicals, fertilizers, newsprint, leather and leather goods, paper, sugar, jute, ship building.
Principal exports: Readymade garments, frozen foods (shrimps), leather, leather products, jute, jute products, tea, ceramic, textile fabrics, home textile, chemical product, light engineering products including bi-cycle.

Geography

Location: Between 200 34′ and 260 38′ north latitude and between 880 01′ and 920 41′ east longitude.
Boundary: North: India, West: India, South: Bay of Bengal, East: India and Myanmar
Area: 56,977 sq. miles or 147,570 sq. km.
Territorial water: 12 nautical miles
Main seasons: Summer (March-May), rainy season (June-September) and winter (December-February)
Climate variations:

  • Season : Pre monsoon – Temperature:  maximum – 32.60C  minimum –  22.40C Rainfall: 453 mm Relative humidity: 74%
  • Season : Monsoon  – Temperature:  maximum –  31.50C  minimum –  25.50C 1, Rainfall: 733 mm  Relative humidity: 86%
  • Season : Post monsoon – Temperature:  maximum –   30.50C  minimum – 21.40C Rainfall:  210 mm Relative humidity:  80%
  • Season : Winter  – Temperature:  maximum – 26.50C  minimum – 13.90C Rainfall:  44 mm  Relative humidity: 73%
  • Season : Annual  – Temperature:  maximum –  30.40C  minimum – 21.20C Rainfall:  203 mm Relative humidity: 78%

Principal seasonal crops and fruits: Paddy, jute, wheat, tobacco, pulses, oil seeds, spices, vegetables, jack-fruit, banana, mango, coconut, pineapple etc.
Natural resources: Natural gas, coal, lime, white clay, granite, glass sand.

National Demographics

Total population (m*): 152.51
Male (m): 76.35
Female (m): 76.16
Annual growth rate: 1.37%
Sex ratio (males per: 100 females) 100.3
Density (per sq km): 1015
*=million
Source: Population & Housing Census Report 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics
Source: Projections as per previous report, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics
Source: Population & Housing Census Report 2011, Bangladesh Bureau of Statistics

Economy

GDP total: $105.00 bn (at current prices 2010-11)
GDP per capita: $775 (at current prices 2010-11)
GDP growth rate (%): 6.32 (at constant prices 2011-12)
Total exports: $24.231 bn (July, 2011-June, 12)
Total imports: $30.93 bn (July, 2011-May, 2012)
Total FDI: $1.136 bn (2011)
Forex reserves: $9.953 bn (17th June, 2012)
Currency: BDT (1 BDT=$0.0125) (avg 2011-12)

Source:Bangladesh Economic Review-2012 (Bangla version), Ministry of Finance
Export Promotion Bureau

Ports

Seaports: Seaports Chittagong and Mongla.
Inland river ports Dhaka, Chandpur, Barisal, Khulna, Baghabari, Sharishabari, Narayanganj, Bhairab Bazar, Ashuganj.
Airports: International airports Dhaka, Chittagong and Sylhet.
Domestic airports Chittagong, Jessore, Sylhet, Cox’s Bazar, Syedpur, Rajshahi and Barisal.
Landports: Benapole, Teknaf, Banglabandha, Sonamasjid, Hilli, Darshana, Birol, Burimari, Tamabil, Haluaghat, Akhaura, Bibirbazar and Bhomra.

Communications

Radio stations: Dhaka, Chittagong, Rajshahi, Khulna, Rangpur, Sylhet, Rangamati, Comilla and Thakurgaon.
broadcasting programmes (in addition to Bengali): in English, Hindi, Urdu, Arabic and Nepali.
Television stations: Dhaka, Chittagong.
Relay stations: Chittagong, Sylhet, Khulna, Natore, Mymensingh, Rangpur, Noakhali, Satkhira, Cox’s Bazar, Rangamati and Thakurgaon.
Television channels: Terrestrial: BTV
Satellite: BTV World, Channel-I, NTV, ATN Bangla, Bangla Vision, Boishakhi TV, Islamic TV, Desh TV, ETV, My TV, Diganta TV, RTV.
Daily Newspaper: Daily Prothom Alo, Daily Ittefaq, Daily Kaler Kontha, Daily Janokantho, Daily Jugantor, Daily Bhorer Kagoj, Daily Star, Daily Independent, Daily Financial Express, Daily News Today etc.